Autism is a lifelong developmental condition, sometimes referred to as Autistic Spectrum Condition (ASC). Many people with ASC will share some difficulties but it will affect them in different ways.
Asperger syndrome is a form of autism.
Some people with ASC may also have other conditions This may include a learning disability or ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder).
• You can find detailed information about autism on the The National Autistic Society website.
• You can use the e-learning module Introduction to Autism to find out more about Autism and Asperger Syndrome.
Difficulties faced by people with autism
ASC will affect people in different ways. But people with autism share four main areas of difficulty:
• Social communication – they have difficulty understanding facial expressions or tone of voice. They can take common phrases or sayings like “It's raining cats and dogs” literally.
• Social interaction – they have difficulty making friends. They do not understand the rules of social contact.
• Social imagination – they have difficulty understanding and interpreting thoughts, feelings and actions of others. They can also find it hard to predict what will happen next. This makes it challenging for them to prepare for change and plan for the future.
• Sensory processing & integration - they are likely to have difficulty in sensory processing. This is the way the nervous system receives messages from the senses and turns them into appropriate responses. This affects emotions and the ability to perform certain tasks and manage behavioural and emotional responses. They may also present sensory seeking or sensory avoiding behaviour.
Getting a diagnosis
A diagnosis is the formal identification of autism. This will be by a health professional such as a paediatrician or psychiatrist.
Having a diagnosis is helpful for two reasons:
• It helps people with autism, and their families, to understand why they may experience certain difficulties and what they can do about them.
• It enables people to access services and support.
Your GP can refer you to the free Hampshire Diagnostic Service.
You can find out more about diagnosis on the NHS website.
Staying safe from crime or abuse
See the information in our Protecting adults at risk section.
Hampshire Safeguarding Adults Board (HSAB) has a website. This has useful information for people who may experience or be at risk of experiencing abuse, their families and carers. This includes easy read guidance about keeping safe. and mate crime.
"Mate crime" is the exploitation, abuse or theft from any vulnerable person by those they consider to be their friends. Those that commit such abuse or theft are often referred to as 'fake friends'. Mate crime is most prevalent when the victim suffers with a mental disability and is especially common when that disability is Autism or Asperger’s. Hampshire police offer guidance on how to prevent and deal with hate crime or mate crime.
Information and support
Autism Hampshire provides a range of services for people with autism and their families.
They provide the Local Autism Directory. This has local services including support groups, advocacy groups and social and leisure activities
You can also find out more about Community Access Projects
The Hampshire Autism Partnership Board (HAPB)
The HAPB was set up in 2010, in response to the Government’s National Autism Strategy. Its role is to address the issues specific to autism in Hampshire.
Fifty per cent of people with autism also have a learning disability. This can make autism harder to recognise and understand. The HAPB links closely to the work of the Hampshire Learning Disability Partnership Board.
Hampshire County Council
Services for children and adults have different approaches and criteria. This is because of the different needs and the different social and legal expectations.
Find out about adult support from the Council and their partners. This includes the Hampshire Autism Partnership Board.
People with Autistic Spectrum Condition can register as disabled with Hampshire County Council.
To find out about children's support services please visit the Hampshire Local Offer website.